In recent years, fires have occurred more frequently, causing a lot of loss of life and property. Be proactive in equipping yourself and your children with knowledge of how to fire and fire children to minimize accidents and damage from fire.
Fire extinguishers and firefighting are essential skills for children
We can not always be around to protect and help when a child is having a hard time, especially in the event of a sudden accident. Therefore, it is essential to actively educate children about coping and dealing with emergencies in order to help them protect themselves. In the event of a fire, what should the child do?
Tell the adult
The first and most important thing when a child learns that a fire, large or small, is reported to adults. In the absence of family members, children must shout loudly so neighbors can hear and help.
In this case, you need to teach children to be calm, alert and seek help from family or neighbors. Surely the child will be scared, crying without notice to adults in time. Therefore, let the child know that early notification to the adults will be easier and quicker.
Children need to shout loudly to touch family members or neighbors and get help in time
Get out of the house right away
Exiting the place of fire early will reduce the risk of suffocation, or inhalation of toxic fumes. Therefore, if you are in a townhouse, teach your children how to open the door, the gates, and the help of neighbors. If living in an apartment building, teach your children to the exit and absolutely not use the elevator. In addition, you can also print a map showing how to get to the nearest exit and stick at the door.
Children often have toys, favorite items and always carry them when they leave home or travel with their families. It is possible that the child will be looking for these items to carry before escaping and this will increase the risk of accidents. Remember, remembering that searching will take time and the fire will be stronger, the fire will be difficult, the damage will increase. And most importantly, the child can not escape.
Cover nose, mouth with a wet towel
In the event of a fire, many deaths are not caused by fire, but suffocation by inhalation of toxic fumes. To avoid breathing a lot of poison, instruct the baby to wet the towel, cloth or coat, and cover his nose and mouth. Wet towel is used as a filter to help children do not inhale toxic gas into the body.
Also, you need to remind children not to stand up straight when the emergency exit should bend down, moving along the wall. This not only helps to limit the inhalation of toxic fumes, but also helps children navigate and find escape doors more easily.
Smoke spread into the room
In the event of a fire that children can not escape, the best thing a child can do to keep himself safe for as long as possible is to wait for help. Use a large towel or wet blanket to block openings in the door to prevent smoke from entering the house. Do not forget to use a wet cloth to cover your nose and mouth to help protect your baby from breathing in smoke.
Remind children absolutely not hiding, hiding in hard to find places or space is too small as wardrobe, under bed …
Call for help
After you have secured yourself, the next thing you need to do is to seek the help of an adult. Teach your child to remember the phone numbers of his or her parents, a close neighbor, or even a teacher to call when needed.
Teach children how to use the phone to call relatives when needed, especially in emergencies
In addition, you can print these numbers and paste in the places where children play, activities so that children can easily see and timely seek the help of adults.
Put fire on clothes
When clothing is caught fire, children need to lie down on the floor and curl over several times to extinguish the fire. Do not panic, panic will make fire more serious and cause the body to burn.
In emergencies such as fire, even adults, not everyone is calm enough to cope well. For children, children will probably be more confused and panicked. Therefore, educating children about how to respond to emergencies is essential for children to protect themselves in the event of an emergency.