The Creator has given Quang Binh a World Natural Heritage gorgeous, it’s National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang. Here, apart from the characteristic values of the history, geology, topography, geomorphology … we also found out a lot of the cave, Phong Nha typically be rated as one of the most beautiful caves world.
Few people know that the tectonic complex persistence and continuity for over 400 million years in the heart of the limestone mountains in Phong Nha – Ke Bang has created more than 300 caves grand, splendid to surprise . Especially the Phong Nha cave with 14 different sizes.
Phong Nha Caves located northwest of Quang Binh province, bordering Vietnam – Laos, Dong Hoi City and about 50km to the northwest, a Hanoi capital about 500 kilometers to the south. From the center of Nhon Trach commune, Bo Trach district, Quang Binh province, travelers under reverse motorboats Son River 30 minutes to come up.
Throughout history, the beauty of Phong Nha has been handed down in the history books. In late nineteenth century, the book “Dai Nam Nhat Thong Chi”, the geography books written by historians Han dynasty compilation called Phong Nha is the Tien Shen.
In late nineteenth century, following the discovery trip, the French explorer Michel Mr. Leopold Cadiere Phong Nha has proclaimed as “the First Indochina”. May 7/1924, the British Cave Research Phong Nha Barton has to learn and that is the place maze decent, maybe comparable to the world famous caves of France is the Padirac and the Cuevas Spain’s del Prac.
Especially, in the 1990, 1992 and 1994, the expedition of British Caving Association (BCRA) in collaboration with the Faculty of Geography University of Hanoi has conducted the largest survey and summary that decent work is one of the most beautiful caves in the world with seven firsts, including: the longest water cave, dry cave and the most beautiful wide, with the highest and widest entrance, the longest underground river, sandbanks and reefs have the most beautiful, with the most beautiful underground lake, systematic magical stalactites and most magnificent “.
Apart from the cave system, the National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang also has a tropical primeval forests have the highest biological diversity in the forest regions of Vietnam. 85.754ha garden area with flora and fauna are abundant, including 66 rare animal species listed in the Red Book of Vietnam, 23 species are classified as priority is protection of the world such as langurs Iridescence, Saola, bears, tigers, pheasant, gibbon, gold turtle …
In particular, a recent Center for Scientific Research and Wildlife Rescue found atop limestone Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park, at an altitude of 800 meters over sea level is a vast green cypress forest aged 500-600 years, grew densely together with density of 600 trees / 1ha, high body about 20 – 30m, 1m to 1.5m in diameter. This is a rare species, currently the world’s only 3 green cypress species were identified. In addition, the forest of Phong Nha – Ke Bang also rare slipper orchids are considered as a “treasure” of nature.
With exceptional value on Earth history, geological history, topography, geomorphology and biological diversity …, dated 07.05.2003, at the 27th Conference held in Paris, National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park was recognized as a UNESCO World Natural Heritage.